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Funct. Mater. 2017; 24 (3): 481-489.

doi:https://doi.org/10.15407/fm24.03.481

Preparation and characterization of mortar mixes containing organic acid/expanded vermiculite composite PCM

Xinzhong Zhang1, Weizhun Jin1, Yajun Lv2, Haibin Zhang3, Weibing Zhou4, Fangyi Ding2

1 School of Civil Engineering and Communication, North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Henan, Zhengzhou, 450045, China
2 School of Architecture, North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Henan, Zhengzhou 450045, China
3 Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Chongqing University, Chongqing, 400030, China
4 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Hubei, Wuhan, 430070, China

Abstract: 

In this paper, capric acid (CA) and palmitic acid (PA) binary PCM/expanded vermiculite (CA-PA/EVM) form stable composite PCM (FS-CPCM) was firstly synthesized by adsorption method. The EVM had the optimal adsorption rate when the mass ratio of CA-PA to EVM was 45:55. The FT-IR results indicated that there was no chemical reaction between binary PCM and EVM. After the thermal cycles for 50 times, the mass loss of the prepared CA-PA/EVM FS-CPCM was 2.8%. However, the latent heat was reduced by 16.10%. Furthermore, thermal energy storage (TES) mortar mixes were prepared by replacing sand aggregates with the fabricated CA-PA/EVM FS-CPCM. The effect of replacing sand aggregates with CA-PA/EVM FS-CPCM on compressive and flexural strength of the mortar mixes was investigated by mechanical experiments. The prepared mortar mixes with CA-PA/EVM FS-CPCMs aggregate exhibited good thermal performance and could be preferentially potential PCM for thermal regulation and energy saving in buildings.

Keywords: 
Capric acid, palmitic acid, expanded vermiculite, thermal energy storage, mortar mixes.
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