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Funct. Mater. 2018; 25 (2): 289-293.

doi:https://doi.org/10.15407/fm25.02.289

Peculiarities of galvanomagnetic effects in nonhomogeneous magnetic field

V.N.Samofalov, A.S.Asieiev, A.G.Ravlik

National Technical University Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute, 2 Kirpichova Str., 61002 Kharkiv, Ukraine

Abstract: 

Effect of high-gradient nonhomogeneous magnetic fields on galvanomagnetic properties of condensed bismuth films was studied. Strong high-gradient magnetic fields were created using a system of wo Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets. It was established that in Bi films, a potential difference occurred through magnetic field gradient in addition to Hall emf. In contrast to Hall odd effect, he sign of the gradient emf is independent on current and field directions. The revealed phenomenon is defined as Hall gradient effect. It has been experimentally established that the gradient electrical field EG occurs also without electrical current in the conductor. The gradient voltage value attains about ΔU>0≈20 μV. By the sign of &Delta U>0, it is possible to determine the predominant carrier type without current in the conductor.

Keywords: 
gradient effect, constant magnet, field fields, bismuth film, galvanomagnetic properties.
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