Funct. Mater. 2018; 25 (2): 364-370.


Application of slag refining technique to metallurgical grade silicon purification process: A review

Rowaid Al-khazraji1,2, Yaqiong Li, Lifeng Zhang1,2

1 School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, 100083, China
2 Beijing Key Laboratory of Green Recycling and Extraction of Metal, University of Science & Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083


The photovoltaic generates electricity through direct conversion of sunlight, has fast-growing recently due to high global energy demand. Photovoltaic main material is silicon which needs refining process to fulfill the requirements. In this paper, the principle of silicon-slag refining was introduced and several types of imposing slag were reviewed. Boron removal from silicon using Si-based alloy and novel slag with active component were mentioned, and effects of slag refining processing parameters were discussed. According to the investigations, slag refining technique can remove a large amount of boron from MG-Si, and the potential industrial applications of slag refining technique were proposed.

solar grade silicon, metallurgical grade silicon, slag refining, B removal.

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