Funct. Mater. 2019; 26 (1): 174-181.


Radio-transparent ceramic materials of spodumene-cordierite composition

A.V.Zaichuk1, A.A.Amelina1, Y.V.Karasik1, Y.S.Khomenko1, V.A.Lementareva1, D.Yu.Saltykov2

1State Higher Educational Institution &qout;Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology&qout;, 8 Haharina Ave., 49005 Dnipro, Ukraine
2O.Honchar Dnipro National University, 72 Haharina Ave., 49010 Dnipro, Ukraine


The paper deals with the processes of obtaining radio-transparent ceramic materials with a complex of high physical and chemical indices. Directional regulation of the ceramics' microstructure and phase composition was carried out by introducing Li2O-Al2O3-B2O3-SiO2 (LABS) glass into main matrix that consisted of cordierite phase. Optimal composition and temperature conditions for firing of the developed spodumene-cordierite ceramics were established. It is shown that the introduction of LABS glass into experimental compositions contributes to significant intensification of the process of formation of α-cordierite crystalline phase, as well as sintering of ceramic materials obtained. Besides, the product of crystallization of parent glass is β-spodumene which promotes the reduction of CLTE of the obtained ceramic material, on average, to (12.4-17.8)·10-7 deg-1. The highest indices of mechanical compressive strength (165.8-202.6 MPa) and thermal stability (not lower than 1050 °C) are achieved at the most rational content of LABS glass is 10-20 wt. %. Under this composition the water absorption is within 0.28-0.34 %, apparent density 2.16-2.18 g/cm3, CLTE (16.6-17.8)·10-7 deg-1. Studies of electrophysical properties of the developed material at the frequency of 1010 Hz showed that the level of the dielectric constant (ε = 3.8) and dielectric losses (tg δ = 0.0014) spodumene-cordierite ceramics synthesized at reduced temperature of 1300-1350 °C are fully complied with the requirements to the modern radio-transparent materials.

radio-transparent ceramic materials, spodumene, cordierite, glass phase, crystallization, physical and technical properties.

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