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Funct. Mater. 2019; 26 (2): 242-248.

doi:https://doi.org/10.15407/fm26.02.242

Synthesis and characterization of complex substituted calcium phosphates obtained by wet precipitation in the presence of cesium ions

N.Strutynska, O.Livitska, N.Slobodyanik

T.Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, 64/13 Volodymyrska Str., 01601 Kyiv, Ukraine

Abstract: 

The particularities of complex substituted calcium phosphates formation in the aqueous solution of system Ca2+-M+-Cs+-PO43--CO32--NO3- (M+ - Na, K) were investigated by wet precipitation method at fixed molar ratios CaP/P = 1.67 and CO32-/PO43- = 1 and different values M+/Cs+ = 1.0 or 2.0 at the temperature 25 °C. Possibility of cesium ions incorporation into apatite-related structure of complex substituted calcium phosphate was firstly investigated under conditions of wet precipitation in the presence of carbonate and alkaline metal ions. The obtained powders were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, TG/DTA and elemental analysis. Based on the combination of elemental analyses (X-ray fluorescence, EDX, CHN methods) and TG/DTA data for prepared samples, it was found, that the changing of molar ratio M+/Cs+ from 1.0 to 2.0 caused increasing of M+-content (close to 16 % and 12 % for Na+ and K+, respectively) and amount of carbonate for Na+-containing sample (close 36 %) while the amount of carbonate in K+-containing samples decreases on 30 %. The obtained results indicate that alkaline metals nature affects the substitution degree of phosphate by carbonate-group.

Keywords: 
cesium, apatite, SEM, calcium phosphates.
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