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Funct. Mater. 2019; 26 (2): 254-261.

doi:https://doi.org/10.15407/fm26.02.254

Percolation effects and self-organization processes in Bi2(Te1-xSex)3 solid solutions

E.I.Rogacheva, T.N.Shelest, E.V.Martynova, A.N.Doroshenko, O.N.Nashchekina, Yu.V.Men'shov

National Technical University Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute, 2 Kyrpychova St., 61002 Kharkiv, Ukraine

Abstract: 

The room-temperature dependences of microhardness H, electrical conductivity σ, the Seebeck coefficient S, and thermoelectric power factor P on composition of Bi2(Te1-xSex)3 solid solutions were measured in the concentration range x = 0 - 0.07. In the intervals x = 0.0075 - 0.0175 and x = 0.025 - 0.035, an anomalous decrease in H and S and increase in σ with increasing x were observed. The first concentration-dependent anomaly was attributed to critical phenomena, accompanying a percolation-type phase transition. The percolation threshold xc and the radius of deformation spheres R0 around Se impurity atoms were estimated. The second anomaly is assumed to be connected with a short-range ordering in the solid solution. The non-monotonic character of the dependences of H on the load on an indenter, whose behavior depended on the impurity concentration, was attributed to the interaction of the deformation fields created by dislocations and impurity atoms.

Keywords: 
solid solutions, composition, microhardness, electrical conductivity, Seebeck coefficient, percolation, self-organization.
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